Performs various substitutions in all .R, .Rmd, .Rmarkdown, qmd and/or .Rnw files in a directory (by default only .R files are styled - see filetype argument). Carefully examine the results after running this function!

  path = ".",
  style = tidyverse_style,
  transformers = style(...),
  filetype = c("R", "Rprofile", "Rmd", "Rmarkdown", "Rnw", "Qmd"),
  recursive = TRUE,
  exclude_files = NULL,
  exclude_dirs = c("packrat", "renv"),
  include_roxygen_examples = TRUE,
  base_indention = 0L,
  dry = "off"



Path to a directory with files to transform.


Arguments passed on to the style function, see tidyverse_style() for the default argument.


A function that creates a style guide to use, by default tidyverse_style. Not used further except to construct the argument transformers. See style_guides() for details.


A set of transformer functions. This argument is most conveniently constructed via the style argument and .... See 'Examples'.


Vector of file extensions indicating which file types should be styled. Case is ignored, and the . is optional, e.g. c(".R",".Rmd"), or c("r", "rmd"). Supported values (after standardization) are: "qmd", "r", "rmd", "rmarkdown", "rnw", and "rprofile". Rmarkdown is treated as Rmd.


A logical value indicating whether or not files in sub directories of path should be styled as well.


Character vector with regular expressions to files that should be excluded from styling.


Character vector with directories to exclude (recursively).


Whether or not to style code in roxygen examples.


Integer scalar indicating by how many spaces the whole output text should be indented. Note that this is not the same as splitting by line and add a base_indention spaces before the code in the case multi-line strings are present. See 'Examples'.


To indicate whether styler should run in dry mode, i.e. refrain from writing back to files ."on" and "fail" both don't write back, the latter returns an error if the input code is not identical to the result of styling. "off", the default, writes back if the input and output of styling are not identical.


Invisibly returns a data frame that indicates for each file considered for styling whether or not it was actually changed (or would be changed when dry is not "off").


This function overwrites files (if styling results in a change of the code to be formatted and dry = "off"). It is strongly suggested to only style files that are under version control or to create a backup copy.

We suggest to first style with scope < "tokens" and inspect and commit changes, because these changes are guaranteed to leave the abstract syntax tree (AST) unchanged. See section 'Round trip validation' for details.

Then, we suggest to style with scope = "tokens" (if desired) and carefully inspect the changes to make sure the AST is not changed in an unexpected way that invalidates code.

Round trip validation

The following section describes when and how styling is guaranteed to yield correct code.

If tokens are not in the styling scope (as specified with the scope argument), no tokens are changed and the abstract syntax tree (AST) should not change. Hence, it is possible to validate the styling by comparing whether the parsed expression before and after styling have the same AST. This comparison omits roxygen code examples and comments. styler throws an error if the AST has changed through styling.

Note that if tokens are to be styled, such a comparison is not conducted because the AST might well change and such a change is intended. There is no way styler can validate styling, that is why we inform the user to carefully inspect the changes.

See section 'Warning' for a good strategy to apply styling safely.

See also


if (FALSE) {
style_dir("path/to/dir", filetype = c("rmd", ".R"))

# the following is identical (because of ... and defaults)
# but the first is most convenient:
style_dir(strict = TRUE)
style_dir(style = tidyverse_style, strict = TRUE)
style_dir(transformers = tidyverse_style(strict = TRUE))